Losinia

Islands

The island of Lošinj is famous for its diversities and as such offers many different islands. Excursions along the island of Lošinj and along the neighbouring islets of Unije, Susak, Ilovik, Silba, Orjule and Oruda are possible. Boat excursions are especially attractive during the summer months when a visit to the islets includes swimming and lunch on board. For guests looking for an active holiday, fishing excursions can be organised where they will encounter the fishing tools and principal fishing techniques and in this way will become “fisherman for a day”. For those wanting to experience the island from another perspective, there are panoramic flights that will make your visit to the island of Lošinj magical.

SUSAK

Susak is a unique island in the Adriatic Sea, both by its genesis and appearance. The ancient winds deposited thick layers of fine yellowish sand onto the limestone plate and since time immemorial people planted reeds around their fields. The roots of the reeds, in search for water, penetrate deep into the soil and preserve it from erosion. The island occurred very early on the nautical charts, first under the Roman name Sansacus or Sansegus, which probably derives from "sampsychon" (Greek - marjoram), which resulted in the Croatian name of Susak. First mention of the island in written sources dates back to the middle of the 9th century, when the Saracen and Venetian armies clashed in the waters near the island. The largest population of Susak was recorded after the 2nd World War. In the sixties of the last century, mass emigration to the USA depleted the population. It is estimated that today in America there are 2,500 Susakers, mainly in the state of New Jersey. From 1985 onwards, «Emigration Day» is celebrated on Susak the last day of July. The first settlement, whose beginnings date back to Roman times, was built on the fertile plateau and is called Gornje selo (“the upper village”), while Donje selo (“the lower village”) is located in the harbour and was built at a later date, during the largest boom of the grape growing in the late 19th century. Because of its isolation, Susak has preserved its archaic speech (protected as a part of the cultural heritage) and the specific customs and colourful costumes.


ILOVIK

Until recently the islands of Ilovik and Sv. Petar were mentioned under a common name, first as Neumae Insulae (in Greek neuma - "sign") and since the 13th century as Sanctus Petrus de Nimbis or in the later Venetian version San Pietro dei Nembi. The original Croatian name of the larger island was Tovarnjak (hence the Italian name Asinello) but later it became known as Ilovik (after the type of soil), while the smaller island has been and is still named Sv. Petar. The islands are located opposite one another and close a long (2.5 km) and narrow (up to 300 m) channel, a perfectly natural anchorage which from time immemorial until today served as a shelter for ships during storms. The most southern of the inhabited islands of Lošinj's archipelago has a fishing village bearing the same name where 170 islanders live today. The first Croatian settlers arrived here from Veli Lošinj at the end of the 18th century and since then ILOVIK the fishing village has grown and developed. The villagers of Ilovik are engaged in wine growing and market gardening facilitated by the large number of wells which supply this land with water; they also work in fishing, sheepfarming and tourism. The location of Ilovik is ideal, situated in a small bay and protected from the north by the uninhabited islet of St. Peter where the local cemetary is located. The coast is easily accessible from all sides with numerous safe gentle coves. The largest cove with a sandy beach is Paržine on the south eastern side of the island. There is a well-protected channel, 2.5 km long and 300 m wide between the two islands which serves as a harbour for the local fishermen as well as for the numerous boaters who come here to enjoy primeval nature. Its maritime zone is protected naturally from all winds, apart to some extent from the south wind (scirocco), and can provide a safe haven for yachts and smaller boats. The island of Ilovik is covered with evergreen Mediterranean vegetation, holly-oak predominating and in some places there are small forests of Aleppo pine. Ilovik is called the Island of Flowers as oleander, palms, roses and other flowers grow around every house. High eucalyptus trees are a distinctive feature of this island.


UNIJE

Unije, the largest of the islands surrounding Lošinj, was populated through all historical periods due to good geographical and traffic position at the entrance of Kvarner, several sources of fresh water and broad fertile land. Nia, its older name, probably derives from (he)neios, which in Greek means "tilled field", and refers to the fertile Unijsko Polje (Unije Field) which is by the soil composition (loess) very similar to those on the islands of Susak, Vele and Male Srakane, and the Lošinj’s peninsula of Kurile.The continuity of settlement, from prehistoric times until today is confirmed by a number of archaeological finds discovered on the land and in the sea surrounding the island. Both the northern and eastern sides of the island are steep and rocky, overgrown with evergreen holly-oak, while the southern and western sides are more unbroken and form a bay where only here one can see mirrored in the sea the facade of its houses and fertile fields. This is an island of olive groves whose branches bear witness to their distant past. The highest point of the island is Kalk (132 m.). The remains of Roman villas, shards of roof riles and bricks testify to the ancient settlement of the island. It was inhabited prior to the Ancient World suggested by the name Hill-fort for a location on the extreme northern and extreme south-eastern sides of the island which, in fact, is the name for old Illyrian hill-forts in this area. There is a small airport on the island, 30 km from Pula airport and 8 km from Lošinj airport.






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